Make your own free website on Tripod.com

Home

Arya Kings of Kaliyuga | Arya Kings of Kaliyuga-I | Arya Kings of Kaliyuga-II | Arya Kings of Kaliyuga-III | Arya Kings of Kaliyuga -IV | Arya Kings of Kaliyuga-V | Arya Kings of Kaliyuga-VI | Arya Kings of Kaliyuga-VII | Arya Kings of Kaliyuga-VIII
Arya Kings of Kaliyuga-V
Arya Kings

Gupta Era

Empire of Vikramaditya-II
vikramadityaii.gif
Saffron colur signifies the empire of Vikramaditya-II

 By the fourth century A.D., political and military turmoil destroyed the Kushan empire in the north. Satavahans (Dasuyas) were also destroyed in the south India. At this juncture, India was again invaded by a series of foreigners and barbarians or Mlechchhas from the north western frontier region and central Asia. It signaled the emergance of a leader, a Magadha ruler, Arya Chandragupta I. Chandragupta successfully combated the foreign invasion and laid foundation of the great Gupta dynasty, the emperors of which ruled for the next 300 years, bringing the most prosperous era in Indian history.

The reign of Gupta emperors can truly be considered as the golden age of classical Indian history. Srigupta I (270-290 AD) who was perhaps a petty ruler of Magadha (modern Bihar) established this Kshatriya dynasty with Patliputra or Patna as its capital. He and his son Ghatotkacha (290-305 AD) have left very little evidences of their rule. Ghatotkacha was succeeded by his son Chandragupta I (305-325 AD) who strengthened his kingdom by matrimonial alliance with the powerful family of Lichavi who were rulers of Mithila. His marriage to Lichchhavi princess Kumaradevi, brought an enormous power, resources and prestige. Chandargupta's son was Samudragupta who was perhaps the greatest king of Gupta dynasty. His name appear in Javanese text `Tantrikamandaka', and Chinese writer, Wang-hiuen-tse refers that a ambassador was sent to his court by King Meghvarma of Shri Lanka, who had asked his permission to build a Buddhist monastery at Bodh Gaya for the monks traveling from Shri Lanka. But the most detailed and authentic record of his reign is preserved in the rock pillar of the Allahabad, composed by Harisena. Samudragupta enlarged the Gupta Kingdom by winning a series of battles till he was a master of northern India. Soon he defeated the kings of Vindhyan region (central India) and Deccan. He although made no attempt to incorporate the kingdoms of south of Narmada and Mahanadi rivers (southern India) into his empire. When he died his bordered with Kushan of Western province (modern Afganistan and Pakistan) and Vakatakas in Deccan (modern southern Maharashtra). Samudragupta was a staunch Hindu and after all his military triumphs, he performed the Ashwamedha Yagna (Horse sacrifice ceremony) which is evident on some of his coins. Ashwamedha Yagna gave him the coveted title of Maharajadhiraj, the supreme king of kings. His greatest achievement can be described as the political unification of most of the India or Aryavarta into a formadible power.

Era of Vikramaditya-II

It is very apt to say, like father like son. Samudragupta's son, Chandragupta II tried to be better than his father, and most historians agree, he was certainly successful. Vikramaditya-II is great emperor of India.  It was during his (and his son Kumargupta) reign, India was at the pinnacle of prosperity and opulence. Although named after his grandfather Chandragupta, he took a title of Vikramaditya a tribute to Vikramaditya-I , which became a synonym for sovereign of tremendous power and wealth. Chandragupta marched against the Saka Satraps about AD 389. After six years of courageous fighting, he killed the Sakas chieftains. He killed Rudrasena III, a Saka king of West India. He annexed the Perisans and Burmeese to Gupta Kingdom. Chandragupta's empire had both the Arabian Sea coast and that of the Bay of Bengal under its control. He also captured Bactria and concluded marital alliances with the Nagas, Vakatakas and Kadamba dynasties.

Administrations and Coins

The administration was very well organised with very light taxes. The empire was divided into many provinces which were ruled by independent governors. The provinces were further divided into districts. Land revenue was the main source of income of the state and was normally one-sixth of the produce of the land.

The emperor also issued a host of gold, silver and copper coins to celebrate his reign. His coins featured Vishnu and his garuda, as well as images of himself killing a lion, among others. Experts say that Chandragupta II's coin are of a finer quality than had been seen thus far.

Chandragupta II was succeeded by his son Kumargupta who was also a great ruler.

 Vikramaditya empire spread from Burma to Iran, from Karnatka to Kashmir  and some parts of Tibet.

Kumara Gupta

  Vikramaditya was succeeded by his able son Kumargupta I. He maintained his hold over the vast empire of his forebears, which covered  most of the area his father had expect Tibet and Iraq. Later he too performed the Ashwamegha Yagna and proclaimed himself to be Chakrawarti, king of all kings.

Sakandagupta

 Kumar Gupta was succeeded by his able son Skandagupta. Skandagupta  took over the Gupta empire and soon had to face with the formidable enemy, the Huns a mixed race of Proto Aryans and Non Aryas. He successfully repelled their early invasions and proved to be able king and administrator in time of crisis.

In spite of heroic efforts of SkandaGupta, Gupta empire did not survive long the shock it received from invasion of the Huns and internal uprising of Pushyamitras. Although there was some sort of unity till reign of the last king Budhagupta in the 6th century AD. By the end of Gupta period again Aryavarta was divided into many small republics.