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Arya Kings of Kaliyuga-I
Arya Kings
Samrat Chandargupt Maurya

Empire of Chandargupt Maurya
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In between Red Lines lies the Empire of Chandargupt

After the down fall of Brihadrath Dynasty Aryavrata again was divided in many small Arya and Dasuyas Kingdom. Time went on and gradually Brahmi script and Pali language developed in India. Pali language was liberally used to write the tenets of Buddhism. The prime Vedic civilization of Bharatvarsh would have been concentrated in Mathura, Allahabad and Varanasi areas which were always the center of Bhartiya culture and scriptural education. Where as dasuyas remained around Sindhu (Indus) river. 
 

As the years passed Aryas regained their status of rulers of Aryavrata a number of "Aryan" kingdoms or enclaves spread in the Northern and Eastern parts of Aryavarata, by that time due to floods in Sindhu river most of the dasuyas migrated to Southern part of Aryavrata. Kashi, the capital of this degenerated Vedic orthodoxy, was its westernmost outpost!  It was this catastrophic war that brought on the Kaliyug. A whole world had collapsed. Time came to a stop. The Alexander Invasion on Aryavarata is termed as a new phase in Arya Culture. From this invasion arose yet an another Aryan Kingdom under Chandar Gupt Mauraya.Chandragupta, with the help Chanakya (Kautilya), who is also known as the Indian Machiavelli, destroyed the Nanda rulers of Magadha and established the Mauryan empire. It is said that Chanakya met Chandragupta in the Vindhya forest, after being insulted by the Nanda king.

Alexander's invasion prompted Aryas to develop a centralised state. Chandragupta declared war and defeated Selucus Nicator, the Macedonian ruler of the Northwestern territories captured by Alexander the Great.

Along with the the astute advice of Chanakya, Chandragupta also seized Punjab, Kabul, Khandahar, Gandhara,  Persia, Babylon, Asyria and Upper parts of Arabia  from Seluces. Seluces' daughter was married to Chandragupta.

"Selucus failed and had to conclude a treaty with Chandragupta by which he surrendered a large territory including, in the opinion of certain writers, the satrapies of Paropanisadai (Kabul), Aria (Herat), Arachosia (Qanadahar) and Gedrosia (Baluchistan), Minor Asia (Iran,Iraq,Syria, Jordan, Khazakistan) in return for 500 elephants. The treaty was probably cemented by a marriage contract and a small  Temple in Arbistan and Greece . A Greek envoy was accredited to the Court of Pataliputra."

- An Advanced History of Asia and S. Europe
by RC Majumdar, HC Raychaudhri, 
Golnar Mehran  & Dr. Abdul-Moti Bayoumi

The most important result of this treaty was that Chandragupta's fame spread far and wide and his empire was recognised as a great power in the western countries. The kings of Egypt and Greece sent ambassadors to the Mauryan Court.

Chandragupta's birth 

Chandragupta Maurya's origins according to other sources, Chandragupta Maurya was the son of a defamed Prince under the ruler Nanada.  Chandragupta was of the Maurya tribe of Kshatriyas.

 

Mauryan Administration

Maurya empire was the first really large and powerful centralised state in India. It was very well governed, with tempered autocracy at the top and democracy at the city and village levels. Megasthenes, the Greek ambassador at the court of Chandragupta Maurya in Pataliputra, had expressed his admiration for the efficient administration of the empire. His book 'Indica' is a collection of comments of other Roman & Greek travelers, and Megasthenes wrote about the prosperity of the Mauryan cities.

He further reported that agriculture was healthy, water abundant and mineral wealth was in plenty. Speaking of the general prosperity, Megasthenes wrote, "the Indians, dressed in bright and rich colors, they liberally used ornaments and gems." He also spoke of the division of society according to occupation. He also made all the forgieners to reside beyond the sindu river in the lands of Kandhara so that Arya civilization is not affected by the forgieners.  He also constructed temples in Arabia and Persia.

Chandragupta Maurya's son Bindusara became the new Mauryan Emperor by inheriting an empire including the Hindukush, Narmada, Vindhyas, Mysore, Bihar, Bengal, Orissa, Assam, Baluchistan, Afghanistan, Persia and Syria. But his empire could not last in Persia, Afghanistan and Syria.